command line – How to change Git log date formats

command line – How to change Git log date formats

In addition to --date=(relative|local|default|iso|iso-strict|rfc|short|raw), as others have mentioned, you can also use a custom log date format with

--date=format:%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S

This outputs something like 2016-01-13 11:32:13.

NOTE: If you take a look at the commit linked to below, I believe youll need at least Git v2.6.0-rc0 for this to work.

In a full command it would be something like:

git config --global alias.lg log --graph --decorate 
-30 --all --date-order --date=format:%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S 
--pretty=format:%C(cyan)%h%Creset %C(black bold)%ad%Creset%C(auto)%d %s 

I havent been able to find this in documentation anywhere (if someone knows where to find it, please comment) so I originally found the placeholders by trial and error.

In my search for documentation on this I found a commit to Git itself that indicates the format is fed directly to strftime. Looking up strftime (here or here) the placeholders I found match the placeholders listed.

The placeholders include:

%a      Abbreviated weekday name
%A      Full weekday name
%b      Abbreviated month name
%B      Full month name
%c      Date and time representation appropriate for locale
%d      Day of month as decimal number (01 – 31)
%H      Hour in 24-hour format (00 – 23)
%I      Hour in 12-hour format (01 – 12)
%j      Day of year as decimal number (001 – 366)
%m      Month as decimal number (01 – 12)
%M      Minute as decimal number (00 – 59)
%p      Current locales A.M./P.M. indicator for 12-hour clock
%S      Second as decimal number (00 – 59)
%U      Week of year as decimal number, with Sunday as first day of week (00 – 53)
%w      Weekday as decimal number (0 – 6; Sunday is 0)
%W      Week of year as decimal number, with Monday as first day of week (00 – 53)
%x      Date representation for current locale
%X      Time representation for current locale
%y      Year without century, as decimal number (00 – 99)
%Y      Year with century, as decimal number
%z, %Z  Either the time-zone name or time zone abbreviation, depending on registry settings
%%      Percent sign

In a full command it would be something like

git config --global alias.lg log --graph --decorate -30 --all --date-order --date=format:%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S --pretty=format:%C(cyan)%h%Creset %C(black bold)%ad%Creset%C(auto)%d %s 

The others are (from git help log):

--date=(relative|local|default|iso|rfc|short|raw)
  Only takes effect for dates shown in human-readable format,
  such as when using --pretty.  log.date config variable
  sets a default value for log command’s --date option.

--date=relative shows dates relative to the current time, e.g. 2 hours ago.

--date=local shows timestamps in user’s local timezone.

--date=iso (or --date=iso8601) shows timestamps in ISO 8601 format.

--date=rfc (or --date=rfc2822) shows timestamps in RFC 2822 format,
  often found in E-mail messages.

--date=short shows only date but not time, in YYYY-MM-DD format.

--date=raw shows the date in the internal raw git format %s %z format.

--date=default shows timestamps in the original timezone
  (either committer’s or author’s).

There is no built-in way that I know of to create a custom format, but you can do some shell magic.

timestamp=`git log -n1 --format=%at`
my_date=`perl -e print scalar localtime ($timestamp)`
git log -n1 --pretty=format:Blah-blah $my_date

The first step here gets you a millisecond timestamp. You can change the second line to format that timestamp however you want. This example gives you something similar to --date=local, with a padded day.


And if you want permanent effect without typing this every time, try

git config log.date iso 

Or, for effect on all your git usage with this account

git config --global log.date iso

command line – How to change Git log date formats

After a long time looking for a way to get git log output the date in the format YYYY-MM-DD in a way that would work in less, I came up with the following format:

%ad%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08

along with the switch --date=iso.

This will print the date in ISO format (a long one), and then print 14 times the backspace character (0x08), which, in my terminal, effectively removes everything after the YYYY-MM-DD part. For example:

git log --date=iso --pretty=format:%ad%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%aN %s

This gives something like:

2013-05-24 bruno This is the message of the latest commit.
2013-05-22 bruno This is an older commit.
...

What I did was create an alias named l with some tweaks on the format above. It shows the commit graph to the left, then the commits hash, followed by the date, the shortnames, the refnames and the subject. The alias is as follows (in ~/.gitconfig):

[alias]
        l = log --date-order --date=iso --graph --full-history --all --pretty=format:%x08%x09%C(red)%h %C(cyan)%ad%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08%x08 %C(bold blue)%aN%C(reset)%C(bold yellow)%d %C(reset)%s

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