How can I dynamically add items to a Java array?

How can I dynamically add items to a Java array?

Look at java.util.LinkedList or java.util.ArrayList

List<Integer> x = new ArrayList<Integer>();
x.add(1);
x.add(2);

Arrays in Java have a fixed size, so you cant add something at the end as you could do in PHP.

A bit similar to the PHP behaviour is this:

int[] addElement(int[] org, int added) {
    int[] result = Arrays.copyOf(org, org.length +1);
    result[org.length] = added;
    return result;
}

Then you can write:

x = new int[0];
x = addElement(x, 1);
x = addElement(x, 2);

System.out.println(Arrays.toString(x));

But this scheme is horribly inefficient for larger arrays, as it makes a copy of the whole array each time. (And it is in fact not completely equivalent to PHP, since your old arrays stays the same).

The PHP arrays are in fact quite the same as a Java HashMap with an added max key, so it would know which key to use next, and a strange iteration order (and a strange equivalence relation between Integer keys and some Strings). But for simple indexed collections, better use a List in Java, like the other answerers proposed.

If you want to avoid using List because of the overhead of wrapping every int in an Integer, consider using reimplementations of collections for primitive types, which use arrays internally, but will not do a copy on every change, only when the internal array is full (just like ArrayList). (One quickly googled example is this IntList class.)

Guava contains methods creating such wrappers in Ints.asList, Longs.asList, etc.

How can I dynamically add items to a Java array?

Apache Commons has an ArrayUtils implementation to add an element at the end of the new array:

/** Copies the given array and adds the given element at the end of the new array. */
public static <T> T[] add(T[] array, T element)

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