MongoDB performance – having multiple databases
Our application needs 5 collections in a db. When we add clients to
our application we would like to maintain separate db for each
customer. For example, if we have 500 customers, we would have 500 dbs
and 2500 collections (each db has 5 collection). This way we can
separate each customer data.
Thats a great idea. On top of logical separation this will provide for you, you will also be able to use database level security in MongoDB to help prevent inadvertent access to other customers data.
My concern is, will it lead to any performance problems?
No, and in fact it will help as with database level lock extremely heavy lock contention for one customer (if thats possible in your scenario) would not affect performance for another customer (it still might if they are competing for the same I/O bandwidth but if you use –directoryperdb option then you have the ability to place those DBs on separate physical devices.
Sharding will also allow easy scaling as you wont even have to partition any collections – you can just round-robin databases across multiple shards to allow the load to be distributed to separate clusters (if and when you reach that level).
Contrary to the claim in the other answer, TTLMonitor thread does NOT pull documents into RAM unless they are being deleted (and added to the free list). They work off of TTL indexes both to tell if any documents are to be expired as well as to located the document directly.
I would strongly recommend against the one database many collections solution as that doesnt allow you to either partition the load, nor provide security, nor is it any easier to handle on the application side.