python – How to print without a newline or space

python – How to print without a newline or space

In Python 3, you can use the sep= and end= parameters of the print function:

To not add a newline to the end of the string:

print(., end=)

To not add a space between all the function arguments you want to print:

print(a, b, c, sep=)

You can pass any string to either parameter, and you can use both parameters at the same time.

If you are having trouble with buffering, you can flush the output by adding flush=True keyword argument:

print(., end=, flush=True)

Python 2.6 and 2.7

From Python 2.6 you can either import the print function from Python 3 using the __future__ module:

from __future__ import print_function

which allows you to use the Python 3 solution above.

However, note that the flush keyword is not available in the version of the print function imported from __future__ in Python 2; it only works in Python 3, more specifically 3.3 and later. In earlier versions youll still need to flush manually with a call to sys.stdout.flush(). Youll also have to rewrite all other print statements in the file where you do this import.

Or you can use sys.stdout.write()

import sys
sys.stdout.write(.)

You may also need to call

sys.stdout.flush()

to ensure stdout is flushed immediately.

For Python 2 and earlier, it should be as simple as described in Re: How does one print without a CR? by Guido van Rossum (paraphrased):

Is it possible to print something, but not automatically have a
carriage return appended to it?

Yes, append a comma after the last argument to print. For instance, this loop prints the numbers 0..9 on a line separated by spaces. Note the parameterless print that adds the final newline:

>>> for i in range(10):
...     print i,
... else:
...     print
...
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
>>>

python – How to print without a newline or space

Note: The title of this question used to be something like How to printf in Python

Since people may come here looking for it based on the title, Python also supports printf-style substitution:

>>> strings = [ one, two, three ]
>>>
>>> for i in xrange(3):
...     print Item %d: %s % (i, strings[i])
...
Item 0: one
Item 1: two
Item 2: three

And, you can handily multiply string values:

>>> print . * 10
..........

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.