# python – Whats the function like sum() but for multiplication? product()?

## python – Whats the function like sum() but for multiplication? product()?

Actually, Guido vetoed the idea: http://bugs.python.org/issue1093

But, as noted in that issue, you can make one pretty easily:

``````from functools import reduce # Valid in Python 2.6+, required in Python 3
import operator

reduce(operator.mul, (3, 4, 5), 1)
``````

# Update:

In Python 3.8, the prod function was added to the math module. See: math.prod().

## Older info: Python 3.7 and prior

The function youre looking for would be called prod() or product() but Python doesnt have that function. So, you need to write your own (which is easy).

## Pronouncement on prod()

Yes, thats right. Guido rejected the idea for a built-in prod() function because he thought it was rarely needed.

## Alternative with reduce()

As you suggested, it is not hard to make your own using reduce() and operator.mul():

``````from functools import reduce  # Required in Python 3
import operator
def prod(iterable):
return reduce(operator.mul, iterable, 1)

>>> prod(range(1, 5))
24
``````

Note, in Python 3, the reduce() function was moved to the functools module.

## Specific case: Factorials

As a side note, the primary motivating use case for prod() is to compute factorials. We already have support for that in the math module:

``````>>> import math

>>> math.factorial(10)
3628800
``````

## Alternative with logarithms

If your data consists of floats, you can compute a product using sum() with exponents and logarithms:

``````>>> from math import log, exp

>>> data = [1.2, 1.5, 2.5, 0.9, 14.2, 3.8]
>>> exp(sum(map(log, data)))
218.53799999999993

>>> 1.2 * 1.5 * 2.5 * 0.9 * 14.2 * 3.8
218.53799999999998
``````

Note, the use of log() requires that all the inputs are positive.

#### python – Whats the function like sum() but for multiplication? product()?

Theres a `prod()` in numpy that does what youre asking for.